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A. Ethical considerations that need to be considered during the manuscript development and clearance process;
B. How to designate primary and secondary authors;
C. How to determine which individuals should be authors and which should be included in the acknowledgements;
D. Suggestions for the clearance process; and
E. An appeals process for authors.
This guidance applies to all types of articles submitted to peer-reviewed journals including original scientific studies, evaluations, reviews, or commentaries and is consistent with the standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) (www.icmje.org).