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This document describes and analyzes the types of state legal authorities currently available to conduct foodborne disease surveillance and outbreak response activities. It demonstrates the "patchwork" of state laws across an array of topic areas--public health, communicable disease, food safety, food regulation, agriculture, environment, and general government authority--on which public health professionals and their legal counsel must rely to conduct foodborne disease outbreak surveillance and response activities. The Analysis of State Legal Authorities is the foundation for the documents "Practitioners' Handbook on Legal Authorities" and "Menu of Legal Options" also found in the Clearinghouse.
Food Safety Toolkit