Infectious Disease Prevention and Control
NACCHO is strengthening local health departments' (LHDs') capacity to respond to and control infectious diseases. Cases or suspected cases of new and emerging infections are likely to appear in community hospitals, private provider offices, and community health centers, making LHDs frontline responders. Approaches to preventing infectious disease or controlling its spread depend on identifying causes and understanding how they can most effectively be addressed. More »
In the Spotlight
In December 2013, multiple Caribbean islands reported cases of chikungunya, an illness spread through mosquito bites that is often characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, rash, and joint pain. It marked the first time that locally-transmitted chikungunya was identified in the Americas.
Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Updates & Resources
CDC Launches New Website for Preventing Infections in Long-Term Care
The CDC recently launched a new website with infection prevention resources for long-term care settings such as nursing homes and assisted living. The site organizes existing infection prevention guidance and resources into sections for clinical staff, infection prevention coordinators, and residents.
On CDC's Safe Healthcare blog, Nimalie Stone, MD, Medical Epidemiologist and long-term care expert at CDC, discusses this new website, including the resources developed to prevent C. difficile infections in nursing home residents.
Human Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus
Canada recently reported the first human avian influenza A (H5N1) infection in the Americas. H5N1 is a virus that is endemic in poultry in Bangladesh, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, and Vietnam. Human infections are rare and most often involve direct or close contact with poultry.
On January 15, 2014, the CDC released a health advisory on H5N1. CDC is currently updating several of the H5N1 and general avian influenza interim guidance documents. Additional information about H5N1 is available at flu.gov.
NACCHO's Demonstration Sites Featured on CDC Website
CDC's Office of State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support has posted a summary of the Year 1 local health department healthcare-associated infection (HAI) prevention demonstration site activities on its Public Health Practice Stories from the Field webpage:More »