Infectious Disease Prevention and Control
NACCHO is strengthening local health departments' (LHDs') capacity to respond to and control infectious diseases. Cases or suspected cases of new and emerging infections are likely to appear in community hospitals, private provider offices, and community health centers, making LHDs frontline responders. Approaches to preventing infectious disease or controlling its spread depend on identifying causes and understanding how they can most effectively be addressed. More »
In the Spotlight
In July 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported the first locally acquired case of chikungunya in the United States. Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne virus that is rarely fatal but can cause severe and debilitating joint pain. The two species of mosquitoes that transmit the virus, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, are primarily found in the southeastern United States. Visit CDC's webpage for the latest information and read more about chikungunya on NACCHO's vector-borne disease control webpage and blog.
Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Updates & Resources
Antibiotic Prescribing Practices
The CDC released a Vital Signs report that describes antibiotic prescribing practices in hospitals and the importance of antibiotic stewardship. The report includes a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report article, graphic fact sheet, and digital press kit.NACCHO is pleased to recognize the Indiana Coalition for Antibiotics Resistance Education Strategies (ICARES) as an early adopter of this work. Established in 1999, ICARES is a joint partnership with the Marion County Public Health Department, Indiana State Department of Health, CDC, and other local partners that works to inform physicians and patients about the potential harm associated with unnecessary antibiotic use. More information about this CDC-funded state and local health department collaboration is available at http://www.icares.org.
CDC Launches New Website for Preventing Infections in Long-Term Care
The CDC recently launched a new website with infection prevention resources for long-term care settings such as nursing homes and assisted living. The site organizes existing infection prevention guidance and resources into sections for clinical staff, infection prevention coordinators, and residents.
On CDC's Safe Healthcare blog, Nimalie Stone, MD, Medical Epidemiologist and long-term care expert at CDC, discusses this new website, including the resources developed to prevent C. difficile infections in nursing home residents.
NACCHO's Demonstration Sites Featured on CDC Website
CDC's Office of State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support has posted a summary of the Year 1 local health department healthcare-associated infection (HAI) prevention demonstration site activities on its Public Health Practice Stories from the Field webpage:More »