Healthcare-Associated Infections

NACCHO is strengthening local health departments’ capacity to prevent healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), combat antimicrobial resistance, and promote antimicrobial stewardship. HAIs are among the leading causes of preventable deaths in the United States. The CDC estimates that one in 25 hospital patients is infected with at least one HAI.

Antimicrobials such as antibiotics revolutionized healthcare worldwide, but their continued application and overuse have resulted in infectious microorganisms becoming resistant to treatment. This resistance is a growing threat to the public’s health, and local health departments protect their communities by collecting and analyzing data to identify outbreaks, investigating reportable diseases, and preventing the spread of infections in community and healthcare settings.

NACCHO is providing technical assistance to demonstration projects with three local health departments to increase their capacity in preventing HAIs, combatting antimicrobial resistance, and improving antimicrobial stewardship in their communities. These demonstration sites – DuPage County (IL), Florida Department of Health in Orange County (FL), Philadelphia Department of Public Health – are informing the development of a guidance document that will outline roles and opportunities for local health departments to prevent and reduce HAIs in collaboration with state health departments. These sites will continue their HAI prevention work by focusing on antimicrobial stewardship, partnering with long-term care facilities, and collaborating with their state health departments.

NACCHO created a fact sheet, “Antimicrobial Resistance and Stewardship: Local Efforts on a Global Issue,” to explore local health departments’ roles in combatting antimicrobial resistance and highlight examples of how local health departments are responding to antimicrobial resistance and promoting stewardship. Read the fact sheet below.

The resources below have been developed by the NACCHO team to help your local health department prevent healthcare-associated infections.