Vector Control

NACCHO supports local health departments in protecting their communities from the bacterial and viral diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, rodents, and other emerging vectors. Through development of new tools and resources, policy statements, Stories from the Field, and more, NACCHO helps local health departments increase their capacity to address existing and emerging issues related to vector control and integrated pest management.

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Vector Control Report: Zika Virus Priority Jurisdictions

NACCHO releases a summary of recent findings and implications on local vector control capacity.

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Vector Control Report: Zika Virus Priority Jurisdictions

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ZIKA CDC Interim Response Plan - May 2017

ZIKA CDC Interim Response Plan - May 2017

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ZIKA CDC Interim Response Plan - May 2017

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AMCA’s Integrated Mosquito Management Update

AMCA's Integrated Mosquito Management Update

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AMCA’s Integrated Mosquito Management Update

Mosquito Surveillance and Control in Zika Virus Priority Jurisdictions

NACCHO, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has released a summary of findings evaluating vector control capacity across ten Zika virus (ZIKV) priority jurisdictions. Mosquito control activities were assessed across jurisdictions in Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, and Los Angeles County, each identified as vulnerable for potential impact resulting from ZIKV.

Mosquito-borne diseases are diseases of humans and/or animals caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites transmitted by mosquitoes. The list of mosquito-borne diseases is long (e.g., malaria, dengue, West Nile virus, Zika virus, chikungunya, yellow fever, filariasis, La Crosse encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, Saint Louis encephalitis, etc.).

According to the World Health Organization, mosquitoes cause millions of deaths every year (WHO, Mosquito-borne diseases). Vector control has been an effective tool to control mosquito populations historically and continues today with conventional and updated tools. Integrated mosquito management and integrated vector management programs and guides have been developed to address the complexities of effective vector control strategies. The IVM approach is to "improve the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soundness and sustainability of disease-vector control" (WHO, IVM).

NACCHO's assessment of mosquito control and surveillance activities in Zika virus priority jurisdictions provided important findings. These findings supported the formation of a Vector Control and Surveillance working group, run by NACCHO, funded by CDC, and comprised of representatives from local vector control organizations as well as subject matter experts. This working group will participate in the following activities:

  • Discuss and share current vector control and surveillance plans;
  • Identify challenges, resources used, and resources needed related to Zika response at the local level;
  • Share public information communications tools and resources related to Zika with NACCHO and other state and local health officials; and
  • Inform, review, and comment on a NACCHO-developed technical assistance program focused on improving vector control and surveillance capabilities at the local level.

For more information on NACCHO's Vector Control and Surveillance working group, please contact Stephen Maheux or Chelsea Gridley-Smith.

Vector-Borne Disease, Surveillance, & Control Resources

The following is a collection of resources ranging from basic background information on vectors, vector-borne diseases, and information specific to Zika Virus and West Nile Virus, to surveillance and control, the relationship between vector control and climate change, as well as general knowledge related websites.

Please report any dead links to Chelsea Gridley-Smith.

American Mosquito Control Association

AMCA | Best Practices for Integrated Mosquito Management: A Focused Updated (2017)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC | Mosquito Control
CDC | Vector Control/Integrated Pest Management
CDC | Environmental Health Training in Emergency Response 
CDC | Environmental Public Health Online Courses
CDC | Vector Control for Environmental Health Professionals 
CDC | Vector Control Tools and Resources for Environmental Health Professionals
CDC | The Effectiveness and Implementation of 4-Poster Deer Self-Treatment Devices for Tick-borne Disease Prevention (2017)
CDC | Stormwater Management and Vector Breeding Habitats (2012) 
CDC | Guidelines for Arbovirus Surveillance Programs in the United States (1993)

World Health Organization

WHO | Integrated Vector Management
WHO | Vector Control Operations Framework for Zika Virus (2016)
WHO | Entomology and Vector Control

Entomological Society of America

Entomological Society of America (ESA) | Certification Corporation - Certification Programs
Associate Certified Entomologist (ACE) for professionals whose training in entomology has been achieved through continuing education, self study, and on-the-job experience
Board Certified Entomologist (BCE) for professionals with a degree in entomology or a closely-related field.

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials

ASTHO | Before the Swarm: Guidelines for the Emergency Management of Mosquito-Borne Disease Outbreak (2014)
ASTHO | Public Health Confronts the Mosquito: Developing Sustainable State and Local Mosquito Control Programs (2005)